Profile of our cohort of 1268 participants across Canada between June 2020 and September 2021.
We observed that less affluent people are exposed to less green space around their residence. Social gradients are also observed, according to income and education levels, in the minimum number of visited locations and social interactions, and the highest levels of housing dissatisfaction.
NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) is an index of soil vegetation cover with possible values between -1 and 1. Values ≤ 0.1 correspond to sterile surfaces of rock and bare soil. Intermediate values (0.2 to 0.3) represent areas of shrubs. The higher the index, the greater the vegetation cover.
Minimum and maximum visited locations: From June 2020 to September 2021, we averaged the minimum and maximum number of visited locations (e.g., grocery store, services, recreation, friends) across subgroups (of gender, age, income, and education).
Minimum and maximum social interactions: From June 2020 to September 2021, we averaged the minimum and maximum number of social interactions across subgroups (of gender, age, income, and education).
On all indicators (anxiety, depression and psychological distress scores), youth, less affluent and gender minorities are the populations indicating the lowest levels of mental health since the beginning of the pandemic, even during the summer and periods of relaxed restrictions.
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